Road carrier’s liability in a contractual chain situation

Background The Appeal Court of Turku in its judgment nro 294, dnro S 13/2163 evaluated whether under the Finnish Road Carriage Act (345/1979) (”RCA”) a performing road carrier is liable...


PRECEDENCE | The Finnish Supreme Court

Precedence | Jurisdiction The Finnish Supreme Court has provided a precedence in a transportation matter regarding jurisdiction of Finnish courts. The case has been ongoing for years. Now the European...


Freight forwarding sector, sympathy strikes and a precautionary measure

Precautionary measure and sympathy strikes applied on freight forwarding sector FINLAND – The Finnish Supreme Court has handed down a verdict (KKO 2020:50) affecting Finnish freight forwarding sector (DHL -case)....


LEGAL UPDATE | Working Hours Act

Working Hours Act | Significant changes The new Finnish Working Hours Act (872/2019) (the “New Act”) to become effective as of 1.1.2020. The New Act is generally applicable and therefore...


Corporate Tax Law System in Poland

Corporate Tax Law in Poland | General A company is treated as a Polish tax resident if it has its registered office or place of management in the territory of...


Employment legislation in Poland

Employment legislation in Poland Employment-related issues are enacted by the Act of June 26, 1974, the Labor Code which contains central employment legislation in Poland. The Labor Code regulates the...